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Mohammed Zillur Rahman (19 March 1929 – 20 March 2013) was the President of Bangladesh from 2008 to 2013.
He was also a senior presidium member of the Awami League.
He is Bangladesh's third president, after Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and Ziaur Rahman died in office, and he was the first to die by natural causes.
Rahman was born in Bhairab Upazila, Kishoreganj District, on March 9, 1929, his mother's paternal home. Meher Ali Miyan, a lawyer, Chairman of the Mymensingh Local Board, and Member of the District Board, and a member of the District Board.
Early education in Rahman's childhood began at a nearby primary school named Bhairab Model Govt. Primary school. He obtained Matriculation from Bhairab K. B. in 1946. High School. In 1947, he received his Intermediate of Arts (IA) from Dhaka College. He obtained his MA with Honours in History and a LLB degree from Dhaka University in 1954.
Rahman married Ivy Rahman, the party's secretary for women's affairs, while fellow Awami League politician Ivy Rahman was married to her party's secretary for women's affairs. In the 2004 Dhaka grenade attack, Ivy was killed. They had one son, Nazmul Hassan Papon, and two daughters, Tania Bakht and Tanima Bakht, together. Papon, the Bangladesh Cricket Board's president, is the managing director of Beximco Pharma, as well as an MP. Sheikh Rehana is Ivy's nephew.
During the 1947 Sylhet referendum, Rahman became close to Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. He was active in the 1952 Bengali language movement. On the 19th February 1952 at Dhaka University as part of the language revolution, he held a student gathering. He was banned from Dhaka University for his part in the language Movement in 1953, but the order was suspended in the face of student demonstrations. During the 1954 election, he served as the vice chairman of the election steering committee for the greater Mymensingh area. He served as the president of the Awami League-affiliated East Pakistan Awami Swechhasebak League. He was elected President of the Kishoreganj subdivision unit of the Awami League in 1956. He was the General Secretary of the Dhaka District Bar Association.
Rahman was elected as a member of parliament in Pakistan's 1970 national elections. Rahman was instrumental in the Government-in-exile during the Bangladesh Liberation War. He was a contributor to the Daily Joy Bangla. Rahman became the General Secretary of Awami League in 1972 after the war. In the 1973 general election, he was elected as a member of the parliament. He was elected as the Awami League's General Secretary in 1974. He was elected to the Central Committee of Bangladesh Krishak Sramik Awami League in 1975 and made its secretary. Rahman was arrested by the army junta and spent four years in jail after assassinating Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. He served as a Presidium Member of Awami League in 1981. He was elected to the parliament in 1986 and was imprisoned the following year. He was appointed general secretary of Awami League in 1992.
Rahman served as Minister of Local Government, Rural Development, and Co-operatives, as well as the deputy leader of parliament in the Awami League government from 1996 to 2001. In 1997, he was re-elected General Secretary of Bangladesh Awami League. In 2001, he was re-elected to Parliament. Ivy Rahman, his wife, was killed in the 2004 Dhaka grenade attack. She was a leader of Bangladesh Awami League and its women's front in the Mohila League. During the 2006–08 Bangladeshi civil war, He served as the interim President of Bangladesh's Awami League, Sheikh Hasina, was imprisoned by the military-backed caretaker government. In 2008, he was re-elected to Parliament.
On February 12, 2009, Rahman was elected as Bangladesh's 19th president. He was uncontestedly elected president of Bangladesh. In a meeting with the Dhaka Chamber of Commerce and Industry in May 2009, he called for caution over the global recession and stressed the importance of globalization. During his tenure as the Chief Scout of Bangladesh, he expressed excitement over Bangladesh's ascension to the world's fifth largest scout country. He served as President as the Supreme Commander of the Bangladesh Armed Forces. He had called for the modernization of the Armed Forces. He called for strengthening links between the Air Forces of South Asian countries.
Justice A. Bruton was installed on September 27, 2010 by Rahman. B. M. Khairul Haque will be Bangladesh's 19th chief justice. To aid in the transition, he urged that their education be enhanced. In 2012, he begged the Organisation of Islamic Conference countries to press Myanmar to return the Rohingya refugees. Since the Cuban ambassador to Bangladesh unveiled his credentials on February 10, 2012, he called for increased trade and diplomatic relations with Cuba. He chastised Bangladesh Nationalist Party, then the opposition party, for not being in parliament and doing their jobs on January 28th.
When Rahman was president, he granted clemency to up to 21 individuals. In comparison, only four pardons were granted by his predecessors between 1972 and 2008. A H M Biplob, a lawyer who was arrested in the case of murdering a lawyer, is one of the individuals for whom Rahman exercised his clemency power. The Sessions Court gave Biplob, the son of Awami League President and mayor of Laxmipur, Abu Taher, the death penalty for the murder in absentia. Following petitions from Biplob's mother, Rahman, the then president pardoned Biplob in the murder trial of the lawyer in July 2011 and, later in February 2012, the two other life sentences were commuted to ten years in prison.