Thomas Mitchell


Thomas Mitchell was born on June 15th, 1792 in Grangemouth, Scotland, United Kingdom and is the Explorer from Scotland. Discover Thomas Mitchell's biography, age, height, physical stats, dating/affair, family, hobbies, education, career updates, and networth at the age of 63 years old.

Date of Birth
June 15, 1792
Place of Birth
Grangemouth, Scotland, United Kingdom
Death Date
Oct 5, 1855 (age 63)
Zodiac Sign
Botanist, Engineer, Explorer
Thomas Mitchell Height, Weight, Eye Color and Hair Color

At 63 years old, Thomas Mitchell physical status not available right now. We will update Thomas Mitchell's height, weight, eye color, hair color, build, and measurements.

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Thomas Mitchell Religion, Education, and Hobbies
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University of Edinburgh
Thomas Mitchell Spouse(s), Children, Affair, Parents, and Family
Mary Blunt
Dating / Affair
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About Thomas Mitchell

Sir Thomas Livingstone Mitchell (15 June 1792 – 5 October 1855), surveyor and explorer of south-eastern Australia, was born at Grangemouth in Stirlingshire, Scotland.

In 1827 he took up an appointment as Assistant Surveyor General of New South Wales.

The following year he became Surveyor General and remained in this position until his death.

Mitchell was knighted in 1839 for his contribution to the surveying of Australia.

Early life

Born in Scotland on 15 June 1792, he was son of John Mitchell of Carron Works and was brought up from childhood by his uncle, Thomas Livingstone of Parkhall, Stirlingshire.

Later career

In 1837, Mitchell sought 18 months leave from his position and in May he left Sydney for London. During his leave, he published an account of his explorations called Three Expeditions into the Interior of Eastern Australia: with descriptions of the recently explored region of Australia Felix, and of the present colony of New South Wales. Mitchell sought additional periods of leave and finally arrived back in Australia in 1841. Mitchell left Sydney again in March 1847 on another period of leave. By the time he arrived back in mid-1848, he had published his Journal of an Expedition into the Interior of Tropical Australia, in search of a route from Sydney to the Gulf of Carpentaria.

Mitchell's journals proved a rich source for historians and anthropologists, with their close and sympathetic observations of the Aboriginal peoples he had encountered. These publications made him the most celebrated Australian explorer of his day. But he was a difficult man to get on with, made evident by this passage made by Governor Charles Augustus FitzRoy:

In a by-election for the Electoral district of Port Phillip in April 1844, Mitchell was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Council. He found it difficult to separate his roles of government employee and elected member of the legislature, and after only five months he resigned from the Legislative Council.

Mitchell is also remembered as the last person in Australia to challenge anyone to a duel. In September 1851, Mitchell issued a challenge to Sir Stuart Alexander Donaldson (later Premier of New South Wales) because Donaldson had publicly criticised excessive spending by the Surveyor General's Department. The duel took place in Sydney on 27 September, with both duellists missing their marks; only Donaldson's hat was damaged. The French 50 calibre pistols used in the duel are in the collection of the National Museum of Australia.

Family life

Thomas Mitchell and Mary had twelve children: Livingstone, Roderick, Murray, Campbell, Thomas, Richard, Georgina, Maria, Emily, Camilla, Alicia, Blanche. Georgina and Maria died young, and Murray before 1847. Roderick became a Commissioner of Crown Lands and head of the Border Police in the Liverpool Plains district. Roderick was drowned and Campbell died during the last years of Mitchell's life.

His family enjoyed a privileged upbringing, and Blanche Mitchell, his youngest daughter, recorded her daily activities and social life in childhood diaries and notebooks. Her sister Emily married George Edward Thicknesse-Touchet, 21st Baron Audley.

In 1841, Mitchell completed his new Gothic home, Carthona, on the water's edge in Darling Point, Sydney. Following Mitchell's death, his family moved to Craigend Terrace in Woolloomooloo.