Jean Chretien

World Leader

Jean Chretien was born in Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada on January 11th, 1934 and is the World Leader. At the age of 90, Jean Chretien biography, profession, age, height, weight, eye color, hair color, build, measurements, education, career, dating/affair, family, news updates, and networth are available.

  Report
Date of Birth
January 11, 1934
Nationality
Canada
Place of Birth
Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada
Age
90 years old
Zodiac Sign
Capricorn
Profession
Autobiographer, Diplomat, Lawyer, Politician
Jean Chretien Height, Weight, Eye Color and Hair Color

At 90 years old, Jean Chretien physical status not available right now. We will update Jean Chretien's height, weight, eye color, hair color, build, and measurements.

Height
Not Available
Weight
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Hair Color
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Eye Color
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Build
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Measurements
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Jean Chretien Religion, Education, and Hobbies
Religion
Not Available
Hobbies
Not Available
Education
Université Laval
Jean Chretien Spouse(s), Children, Affair, Parents, and Family
Spouse(s)
Aline Chaîné, ​ ​(m. 1957; died 2020)​
Children
3, including France Chrétien Desmarais
Dating / Affair
Not Available
Parents
Not Available
Siblings
Michel Chrétien (brother), Raymond Chrétien (nephew)
Jean Chretien Life

Joseph Jacques Chrétien (French pronunciation: [kn.tsj]; born January 11, 1934) is a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as Canada's 20th prime minister from 1993 to 2003.

Chrétien was born and raised in Shawinigan Falls, Quebec, and graduated from Université Laval as a law graduate. He was first elected to the House of Commons in 1963, as a Liberal. He served in various cabinet positions under Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, including as minister of Indian affairs and northern growth, president of the Treasury Board, minister of finance, and minister of justice. In 1984, he failed unsuccessfully for the Liberal Party's leadership, losing to John Turner. Chrétien was the second deputy prime minister of Canada in Turner's brief cabinet, which would be defeated in the 1984 federal election. Chrétien, the Liberal leader and Opposition leader after losing to the Liberals in 1988, returned to politics after briefly working in the private sector after Turner led the Liberals to their second defeat at the polls. Chrétien led the Liberals to a large majority government in 1993-2000, before the party gained two additional majorities in 1997 and 2000.

Chrétien was adamantly opposed to the Quebec monarchy movement. In the 1995 Quebec referendum, he gained a marginal vote as leader of the federalist camp, but he later introduced the Clarity Act to avoid confusion in future referendum questions. He also established the long-gun registry, promulgated the Youth Criminal Justice Act, laid the foundations for same-sex marriage and eliminated the nearly 30-year budget deficit. He introduced several significant environmental legislation, including an updated Canadian Environmental Protection Act, the Pest Control Products Act, and the Species At Risk Act. Chrétien ordered Canadian military intervention during the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia and the War in Afghanistan but not for the Iraq war. Despite the fact that his name and the Liberal Party had been unchallenged for three consecutive federal elections, he was nevertheless exposed to a slew of political scandals. He was accused of inappropriate conduct in the Shawinigate and sponsorship scandals, but he has denied any wrongdoing. He also became embroiled in a protracted leadership battle within the Liberal Party against finance minister and longtime political rival Paul Martin. Chrétien resigned as prime minister and resigned from politics in December 2003, as a result of the danger of losing a leadership investigation and criticism from the pro-Martin faction of the party. Chrétien appears in the top 10 Canadian prime ministers' lists. Chrétien, the oldest living former prime minister of Canada, is at the age of 88.

Early life, family, and education

Chrétien was born in Shawinigan Falls, Quebec, on January 11, 1934, as the 18th of 19 children (some of whom did not live infancy) and Wellie Chrétien (died 1980). Chrétien's family was poor, and Chrétien was forced to wear clothes that had been worn by his children because his parents were too indigent to buy new clothes for him. Chrétien's parents wanted their children to escape a working-class life in Shawinigan by attending a classical college, the only way one could attend university in Quebec at the time. Chrétien's father taught him to read the dictionary as a child. Maurice, Chrétien's older brother, received a scholarship at the insurance company he was working for, which enabled him to attend medical school, and, with the funds from his medical practice, he was able to help his younger siblings enroll in the classical colleges. Wellie Chrétien was a staltic Liberal who had to shake hands with his hero, Sir Wilfrid Laurier. Father Auger, a supporter of the Union Nationale who slammed all Liberals as "ungodly," spread derogatory gossip about the Liberal Chrétien family, causing Jean Chrétien to have troubled relations with the Catholic Church.

Wellie Chrétien, a Canadian nationalist, had sparked widespread disapproval by being a stead promoter of the war effort, particularly because she was one of the few French-Canadians in Shawinigan to accept orders from the conscripts (also known as "Zombies") to combat elsewhere during World War II. The federal government could conscript Canadians only for the defense of Canada, under the 1940 National Resources Mobilization Act, and until late 1944, only volunteers served overseas. Wellie Chrétien and his family were outcasts in 1940s Quebec, where many French-Canadians were opposed to Canada's involvement in the conflict, as well as overseas. In addition, the Chrétien family was excluded from the war because of Wellie Chrétien's support for the cause during the Grande Noirceur ("Great Darkness"), when Quebec society was dominated by the bloated Union Nationale patronage machine. Maurice Duplessis, the Union Nationale Prime Minister, had been a vocal critic of Canada's participation in World War II. There were no public schools in Quebec until 1964, and Chrétien was educated in Catholic schools. Chrétien feared the Catholic priests who ordained him, and in turn was feared by them with Father François Lanoue, one of Chrétien's former students, who said that Chrétien was the only student he ever grabbed by his ears because he was too unruly. Chrétien called his education "unnatural" in a private interview, when he remembered an extremely strict system in which priests tortured anyone bloody who dared to challenge their authority while teaching via rote learning. "We didn't have the right to have feelings or express them," one of Chrétien's classmates said.

Chrétien, a young man, reclaimed his image as a local tough guy. One of Chrétien's classmates recalled that he was particularly afraid as a result of his "atrocious temper."

Chrétien began his training at a private boys' academy in Joliette. He attended Séminaire Saint-Joseph de Trois-Rivières. At Université Laval, the French-Canadian elite's training ground, he received high marks and then studied law. Chrétien later recalled that his first day at Trois-Rivières was his best day, when he unprovoked another student higher than himself, causing him to proudly say, "I really socked it to him bad."

In front of everybody!"

Chrétien said that his assault was supposed to give the word to the other students: "Don't mess with Chrétien!" he said. Chrétien responded correctly when asked what he was best at in high school by his biographer Lawrence Martin: "It was street fighting that I was strongest at." Despite his smoky reputation he cultivated at Séminaire Saint-Joseph, Chrétien's grades were high, with an education that mainly concentrated on Catholic theology, the classics, philosophy, and French. Duplessis returned to school to speak with Chrétien, and asked him if his grandfather was François Chrétien, who served as mayor of St-Étiene-des-Grès, and if his father was Wellie Chrétien. "You're a damn rouge," the prime minister replied after receiving affirmative responses to both questions.

Chrétien debating the fact that the law faculty gave Union Nationale students the Revised Statutes of Quebec free to Union Nationale students, but Liberal students had to pay $10 for it, prompting him and another student who was closely connected to Duplessis in his office later this week. According to Chrétien, the Union Nationale only rewarded those who had "faith," and if he wanted the book for free, he'd have "faith" in Quebec, noting that there were no "rights" in Quebec because he was "Le Chef" ("the boss"). Chrétien, a student at Laval, became involved in the Young Liberals, becoming president after no one else wanted the job because most students were too afraid to antagonize the Union Nationale. He attended Lester Pearson's as the party's leader in 1958, and Chrétien praised Paul Martin Sr.

Chrétien returned to his humble roots, naming himself "le petit gars de Shawinigan" or the "little guy from Shawinigan." He suffered from an attack of Bell's palsy in his youth, effectively leaving one half of his face partially blinded. Chrétien referred to this in his first Liberal leadership race, saying he was "One politician who didn't speak out of both directions of his mouth." He is also deaf in one ear.

He married Aline Chaîné, whom he had met when he was 18 and she was 16, on September 10, 1957. They had three children: France (b. Hubert (b. 1958) – Hubert (b.) Michel (b. 1965) and Jean (b. ) (1968) Who was adopted in 1970. In Montreal, Canada, France Chrétien Desmarais, a lawyer, is married to André Desmarais, the son of Paul Desmarais, Sr., and Power Corporation, the president and co-chief executive officer of his father's business, based in Montreal, Canada. Chrétien's strained ties with the Catholic Church, Father Auguste of Shawinigan, refused to marry Chrétien in his church, saying only bleus (blues), not i.e. In his church and rouges (reds, i.e. Union Nationale supporters) were welcomed. Liberals (Liberals) were not involved.

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Jean Chretien Career

Early political career

Chrétien served at Alexandre Gélinas and Joe Lafond, a Shawinigan company, until he was first elected in Canada's House of Commons as a Liberal from the riding of Saint-Maurice–Laflèche in 1963. For only eight years of the next 41 years, he portrayed this Shawinigan-based riding, renamed Saint-Maurice in 1968. Chrétien won the Liberal nomination for the 1963 election as the previous Liberal member of Parliament (MP) decided to withdraw. Chrétien won the election by portraying Social Credit MP Gérard Lamy as a "buffoon" who made French-Canadians look foolish. Chrétien was first described by Dalton Camp as "the man of the getaway car," a condescending analysis that was often quoted by journalists and others throughout his career, often focusing on his eventual success. During his first term, he requested and received the Finance Committee's only committee position.

He served as parliamentary secretary to Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson for a brief period of time before the 1965 election. Chrétien was angry at being overlooked when Pearson drafted Jean Marchand, Gérard Pelletier, and Pierre Trudeau into the cabinet, noting that he deserved to be promoted to the cabinet. He served for a longer period of time as the parliamentary secretary to Minister of Finance Mitchell Sharp, beginning in 1966. Sharp was to serve as Chrétien's mentor and patron, assisting him in his ascension into the ranks.

Chrétien visited western Canada for the first time in 1967, which he was eager to see. In a speech in Vancouver about Union Nationale Premier Daniel Johnson's calls for greater autonomy for Quebec, "those who support a special status [for Quebec] are often rebels who don't want to admit that they are rebels." "Vive le Québec libre!" French President Charles de Gaulle said in a address during his visit to Montreal.

("Long Live A Free Quebec!")

Chrétien said in a cabinet meeting that de Gaulle leave Canada after comparing the Quiet Revolution to the liberation of France from the Nazis.

Chrétien was appointed minister of national revenue in January 1968, making him a junior minister in the cabinet. Chrétien struggled to support his mentor Sharp, who aspired to lead the Liberal Party in 1968. Chrétien was out swinging his support behind the man who eventually took the contest, Pierre Trudeau, when Sharp withdrew from the sport.

Chrétien was named Minister of Indian affairs and northern development after the 1968 election. Trudeau and Chrétien were never close, as the gap between the intellectual Trudeau and the clearly non-intellectual Chrétien was too wide, but Trudeau maintained Chrétien as a "tough guy" who was able to deal with difficult assignments. Trudeau and his academic advisors in the Prime Minister's Office (PMO) dismissed Chrétien in contempt as someone who spoke French with a working class accent and whose demeanor were unpolished, but his tenacity and ability to get stuff done.

Chrétien wrote the 1969 White Paper, a call to eliminate treaties between Canada and First Nations, as well as related legislation, including the Indian Act, while in India Affairs. Critics said that the aim was to assimilate First Nations people into the general Canadian population. First Nations organisations had a strong reaction to the paper, which was later scrapped. It was the 1969 White Paper that first brought Chrétien to national attention in England. Chrétien openly challenged Indian activists with one First Nations woman shouting Chrétien, "When did we lose our identity?" Chrétien says at a press conference announcing the White Paper. "When you signed the pacties," the narrator responded, causing boos and jeers. "How can you come here and ask us to become citizens when we were here long before you?" Another woman from the Iroquois reserve in Brantford asked Chrétien. "The Crown had promised the Grand River valley to Joseph Brant in 1784, to which Chrétien had no reply." In his best-selling 1969 book The Unjust Society, Cree protester Harold Cardinal accused Chrétien and Trudeau of "cultural genocide" against the First Nations. Chrétien adopted an Inuit child from a local orphanage during a 1970 visit to the Northwest Territories to combat such hostility. Chrétien, the Indian Affairs minister, fell in love with the far north of Canada, whose beauty moved him, and he vacationed in the north every summer while holding the Indian Affairs portfolio.

Chrétien told Trudeau, "Act now, not later," during the 1970 October Crisis, when Trudeau was hesitant to invoke the War Measures Act. Eighty-five percent of Canadians approved of the change. Chrétien, who was terrified by a near-defeat in 1968, had a friend, Antonio Genest, win the Progressive Conservative (PC) nomination, followed by a brutal campaign in order to guarantee his re-election. Robert Bourassa, Quebec's Liberal premier, was a nationalist who advocated for greater federal autonomy to his province, making him Trudeau's bête noire, despite the fact that the two men openly disagreed. Chrétien intervened on the side of the Cree in 1971, when the Bourassa government began the James Bay Project to build hydro-electric dams on rivers flowing into James Bay, which was condemned by local Cree bands who claimed the land was not mined for development. Bourassa "could go to hell," Chrétien said, did not have the right to build on or flood the Cree's land, and recruited lawyers to represent the Cree in the courts. A judge ruled for the Cree in November 1973, but a few days later, a appeals court ruled for Quebec.

He was elected President of the Treasury Board in 1974, and he served as Minister of Industry, Trade and Commerce from 1976 to 1976. Chrétien refused to give more money to their departments in a brusque manner. The 1970s were a period of rapid inflation, and Chrétien and Rome often clashed with public sector unions that demanded wage increases. Chrétien's "tough guy" image at a time when deficits were rising and Trudeau's government was widely seen as drifting, attracted significant attention, with many in the media naming him as one of the few individuals in the Trudeau cabinet willing to make tough decisions. Chrétien, the Trudeau government's attempt to "diversify" the economy by trading more with Asia and Europe than with the United States, while less with the US. Chrétien used to complain that the high Canadian dollar stifled his attempts to "diversify" trade, and he was known for his belief in the value of a low dollar. Chrétien, the Canadian prime minister, moved to the left, blaming tariffs on clothes imported to encourage more manufacturing in Canada and allowing the government to finance the construction of the Challenger aircraft.

Chrétien took over in 1977, following Finance Minister Donald MacDonald's departure. He was the first francophone minister of finance and remains one of only three francophones to have held the position. Chrétien's time at Finance highlighted his "enforcer" status, namely as one who helped to implement Trudeau's programs but not often aided Trudeau's policies, but not often supported Trudeau in making decisions. Trudeau completely blocked Chrétien from any role in formulating financial plans, instead expecting Chrétien to implement the PMO's plans before consulting Chrétien. Trudeau, a West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt, was extremely close to the former German Chancellor, and Trudeau, a member of the Bonn G7 summit in 1978, had long talks with his friend Schmidt about how to win re-election in 1979. Schmidt suggested to Trudeau that he respond to criticism of the deficits he had ran by putting in some major budget cuts, an assumption that Trudeau embraced. Trudeau in 1978 announced in a press statement $2 billion in layoffs without bothering to tell Chrétien that he had been informed ahead of time about what he had done, leaving his finance minister looking confused in the resulting press interview. Chrétien found this situation so humiliating that he's considering resigning in protest. Chrétien was particularly humiliated by the fact that Chancellor Schmidt was more aware of what was going to happen than he was, which underemphasized that he was not a member of Trudeau's inner circle. Chrétien introduced the two federal budgets to the House floor in 1978, one in April and the other in November.

The Liberals lost the federal election of May 1979 to a minority Conservative government led by Joe Clark. Chrétien was appointed as minister of justice and attorney general when Pierre Trudeau regained power in February 1980. He was a major factor in the 1980 Quebec referendum, serving as one of the campaign's top federal politicians "on the ground." With his sharp warnings of the repercussions of separation, his fiery and emotional speeches would enthrall federalist audiences. Chrétien fought tenaciously against Chrétien's ferocious Canadian nationalist message during the 1980 referendum. During the 1980 referendum, Chrétien gave an average of six to seven speeches a day and always managed to include a local reference in every address.

He served as minister of state for social development and minister in charge of constitutional negotiations from 1980 to 1982, and played a key role in the national war on patriation, which culminated in the establishment of Canada. The Supreme Court ruled on September 28, 1981, that the federal government could honour the British North America Act without the provinces' permission, but that it would be "odious." Chrétien informed the premiers opposing patriation that Ottawa would unilaterally patriate the Constitution, but was unwilling to attend a final conference. During the subsequent First Ministers Conference in November 1981, two of the premiers, Allan Blakeney, the New Democratic premier of Saskatchewan, and Sterling Lyon, Manitoba's Progressive Conservative premier, made it clear that the most important factor in the new Charter of Rights and Freedoms was that it undermined the old British tradition of parliamentary supremacy. The underlying idea had always been that Parliament was the nation's highest law-making body, and both Blakeny and Lyon were concerned that the Charter would give the judiciary too much power to the courts.

Chrétien was the chief negotiator of the "Kitchen Accord" — a treaty that resulted in the agreement of nine provinces to a common declaration of patriation. Chrétien, Roy McMurtry, and Roy Romanow came up with the compromise of Section 33, the so-called "notwithstanding clause" that allows Parliament and provincial legislatures to overrule the courts in Charter cases. Chrétien recalled that Trudeau "hated" the prospect of Section 33 and that he was required to remind him: "Pierre, if you don't take the notwithstanding clause, you don't have the Charter." When Trudeau, together with New Brunswick Premier Richard Hatfield, were the only ones supporting the federal government at that point, he did not support Trudeau in London if Trudeau did not accept Section 33, which Chrétien said changed Trudeau's position completely. Chrétien defended the controversial Section 33 in a 2012 interview, saying: "Because some may argue that in a democracy the elected people must be supreme, not judges," Chrétien said. Taking a look at what happened in the United States, where the judges rule according to their so-called ideology. "That is not the norm here." Both of the English-speaking premiers accepted Section 33's compromise; Quebec Premier René Lévesque did not. Chrétien's participation in the controversies in his home province of Quebec would not be forgotten (although the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that Quebec was bound by it). Barry Strayer, one of Trudeau's aides, wrote about Chrétien's involvement in the civil war later: "He was able to consider compromises that Trudeau would not have been able to accept," Trudeau later stated about his service: "He was able to contemplate compromises that Trudeau would not have been able to accept." Everybody recognized him as a trustworthy broker. You may not have argued it would not have happened without him.

Chrétien was first elected Minister of Energy, Mines, and Resources in 1982. Chrétien, Alberta's energy minister, was in charge of enforceing the National Energy Program (NEP), a job that made him a hated figure. Chrétien himself was skeptical of the NEP's merits at the time of his appointment as energy minister, saying, "We've got to back off on the NEP without destroying our credibility," but Chrétien said on learning that Trudeau and his right-hand man, Finance Minister Marc Lalonde, were in favour of maintaining the NEP rather than risking his chances of winning the Liberal leadership. Chrétien's debate with Alberta Premier Peter Lougheed over the NEP demonstrated his disdain for provincial politicians, who were perceived as petty people only interested in their own provinces at the expense of the country.

Chrétien, one of the candidates competing for Prime Minister and Prime Minister of Canada, after Trudeau resigned in early 1984. Chrétien's life was a traumatic one for him, as many of his long-serving Cabinet allies supported John Turner's bid, despite Chrétien's growing dissatisfaction. Chrétien ran for president of Trudeau during the 1984 leadership race, promising to continue all of Trudeau's policies, unlike Turner, who promised a break with Trudeau. Chrétien appeared as a sociologist and snob snob who was out of touch with ordinary people during the leadership race, and he ridiculed Turner as a right-wing Bay Street snob. In a speech, Chrétien said that the national deficit was not a problem, and that "we must use the deficit to preserve our people's dignity." Chrétien attracted larger and more enthusiastic audiences than anything Turner ever managed, but the majority of the Liberal Party establishment reacted angrily to Turner's nomination in March 1984, which was an insurgent handicap for Chrétien. Chrétien was expected to be a dark horse until the end, but Turner was disqualified on the second ballot at the leadership convention in June. "Second on the ballot, but first in our hearts," the Liberal Party president at the time, Iona Campagnolo, introduced Chrétien. Turner appointed Chrétien deputy prime minister and secretary of state for international affairs.

Turner, after winning the leadership race, wanted to forge a deal with Chrétien in order to lead a coalition opposition in the forthcoming general election, so he asked Chrétien what terms he would accept. Chrétien, who was furious about losing the leadership race, demanded a word that Turner could never give him. Chrétien demanded to be named Quebec lieutenant with responsibility for patronage and organisation in Quebec. Turner had already offered the position to André Ouellet in exchange for his help in the leadership campaign. Turner may have told Turner that he would have broken his promise to Ouellet and that Turner relinquished control of Liberal activities in Quebec's Chrétien, Ouellet, and Lalonde. The troika was a sham, and the three troika members spent more time arguing with one another than fighting the Conservatives during the 1984 general election.

Chrétien's request for the Quebec lieutenancy was not the only thing that differentiated him from Turner. Chrétien and Turner fought over an early election almost immediately. Chrétien advised Turner not to ask the governor general to resign from Parliament but to hold Parliament in session for the fall of 1984 to give the government a record to run in a winter election that was early 1985. Since the last election was called in February 1980, an election had to be called no later than February 1985. Since Turner, who became prime minister in late June 1984, he was disregarded by his counsel, who requested that Parliament be dissolved for an election in September 1984.

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How Queen Elizabeth's humour made Brits smile... From the BBC James Bond skit to marmalade sandwiches with Paddington

www.dailymail.co.uk, September 8, 2023
Queen Elizabeth (right), who died a year ago in Balmoral, Scotland, at the age of 96, was unashamed to display her sense of humour. FEMAIL reveals her most amusing scenes from being in a scene with James Bond (top right), filming a scene with Paddington Bear (top right), and cutting a cake with a sword (bottom right).

The Queen was not afraid to show her softer side and her zingy wit

www.dailymail.co.uk, September 9, 2022
The Queen's sense of duty never wavered for a moment, but that doesn't mean our late monarch, who died on Thursday at the age of 96, didn't have pristine comic timing. In 2012, she appeared in a sketch with then Bond actor Daniel Craig, which culminated in her being 'parachuted' into the Olympic stadium for the opening ceremony. She warmed hearts once more by offering tea with Paddington Bear just a few months ago, during a moment that became a part of the Platinum Jubilee celebrations. (Pictured clockwise from top left: Paddington and the Queen share a cuppa at the Palace, cheering on a horse back in 1978, teaming up with Daniel Craig for the 2012 skit, and enjoying a joke while cutting a cake with Camilla, Queen Consort and Kate Middleton)